Elegant medalist - pear Elegant Efimova
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The real decoration of the autumn garden is the pyramids of tall trees, hung with crimson-red pears of the Nadyadnaya Efimova variety against the background of rich green foliage. Although many parameters of the variety are defined as average, these fruits, which have excellent taste and commercial qualities, were awarded a gold medal in 1989 in the city of Erfurt (Germany) at the International Agricultural Exhibition.
Description of pear varieties Nadyadnaya Efimova
This variety was created back in 1936 by V. Efimov, an employee of VSTISP
This pear variety is well known to the gardeners of our country. It was created back in 1936 by V. Efimov, an employee of VSTISP. The original varieties were Lyubimitsa Klappa and Tonkovotka. The FSBI State Variety Commission zoned the variety in 1974 and recommended it for cultivation in the Middle Volga (Mordovia, Tatarstan, Samara, Ulyanovsk and Penza regions) and Central (Kaluga, Bryansk, Ryazan, Ivanovskaya, Vladimirskaya, Tula, Moscow, Smolensk regions) regions.
Intensively growing pear trees of this variety are tall with a not very dense crown in the form of a pyramid and are slightly affected by scab. Their winter hardiness and yield are average. After planting a seedling on the site, the trees begin to bear fruit in the seventh or eighth year. The yield of adult pears is stable, from one hectare gardeners get up to 30–35 tons of fruits or up to 40 kg from a tree. The foliage fallen in the fall, covering the soil under the tree in a dense layer, can not be collected, it will provide additional shelter for the roots in winter.
Medium-sized white pear flowers have a strong aroma. They are pollinated by bees. For the formation of ovaries, pears of other varieties flowering in the same period are necessary.
Medium-sized white pear flowers are pollinated by bees
Smooth, somewhat elongated fruits of this variety, covered with a yellow-green soft crust with an intense (up to 0.8 pear surface) blush of raspberry-red color, look very beautiful. Their average weight reaches 135 grams, and the maximum weight is up to 185 grams.
The inner pulp is light creamy and juicy with a pleasant sweet and sour taste. The millimeter layer under the skin of the pear is colored pink. 100 grams of the product contains up to 10 grams of sugars and about 13 milligrams of fruit acid.
Pears are harvested in early September and laid for ripening for 15–20 days, maximum - for a month, when the fruits reach consumer maturity. Tasting taste assessment - 4 points. Nadyadnaya Efimova's pears are not left on the branches until they are fully ripe, so that the fruits do not become watery and their pulp does not acquire viscosity.
Naryadnaya Efimova's pears can be easily transported over considerable distances without losing their consumer qualities, since they are removed from the tree half-ripe.
Having chosen a place on the site suitable for growing pears, the planting of the Nadyadnaya Efimova tree is carried out according to the scheme common to all fruit trees:
- Preparation of the landing pit.
Planting pit preparation
- Installation of a support peg, filling the pit with soil mixed with fertilizers, watering it to shrink the soil.
The soil should settle well
- Even placement of the root system of the seedling along the soil mound in the planting hole so that the root collar rises above the general soil level.
The root collar must remain above the soil level
- Backfilling the hole and compacting the soil.
Compaction of the soil near the tree trunk
- Watering the seedling.
The planted tree is watered with two or three buckets of water
- Mulching the trunk circle with peat, wood shavings, grass cuttings or other organic materials.
After absorbing water, the soil near the trunk is covered with humus, mown grass, wood shavings
The approximate amount of organic and mineral fertilizers laid in the planting pit is shown in the table below:
The scheme of planting a garden tree and the amount of fertilizers laid in the planting pit
Taking care of the pear
The variety does not require any special care, different from that used for other fruit trees. He does not need shelter from the winter cold either. An elegant Efimova, planted in a sunny area where there is no nearby groundwater, will delight the gardener with a good harvest, provided:
- making an annual top dressing;
- watering in the amount of two or three buckets weekly (in drought it is necessary to water more often);
- removing dried branches and shoots, thinning the crown.
Pear Nadyadnaya Efimova has a stable high immunity to fungal and bacterial diseases inherent in this type of plant. And also for the entire period of cultivation of this variety, not a single case of damage to the fruits or leaves of the tree by pests was recorded. Therefore, there is no need for preventive wood treatments. The pear is sprayed with any preparations only if pests or diseases are found on other garden trees.
Reviews of gardeners about the variety
Despite the emergence of more and more varieties of pears bred by modern breeders, many gardeners are happy to grow the Nadyadnaya Efimova pear, since planting this tree and its cultivation does not pose difficulties and does not cause unnecessary trouble.
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Pear variety Elegant Efimova with fruits of early autumn ripening period. The trees begin to bear fruit at the age of 7 - 8. The trees grow to large sizes, the crown is characterized by medium thickening, fast growth rates, and a pyramidal shape. Winter hardiness and drought resistance of the variety is high. Resistant to major diseases. The yields are plentiful and regular. Fruits of rusha Nadyadnaya Efimova are medium in size, weight 90 - 120 grams, in rare cases 150 - 180 grams. The skin on the fruit is smooth. Fruit ripening occurs at the end of August, beginning of September. The pulp is whitish-creamy, dense, semi-oily, tender, juicy, with a slight aroma, sweet and sour taste, slightly tart. Pear variety Elegant Efimova for universal use.
In the online store Royal Garden you can buy large-sized plants and seedlings of the variety of Mr. Nadyadnaya Efimova and other fruit trees in Moscow, see photos and descriptions of Nadyadnaya Efimova's pear.
Description of the November winter pear variety is rightfully called one of the best among winter ones. It impresses with its winter hardiness, therefore it is suitable for growing both in regions with a warm climate and in the Far East.
The first fruits can be harvested from a two-three-year-old tree, and it begins to actively bear fruit only in the fifth year of life. The best pollinators for the November pear are Hoverla, Favorite Klappa, Conference and Williams Summer.
It should be noted the high and, moreover, regular yield. The plant begins to bloom quite early, and the fruits begin to ripen in October - early November, but it is better to use them after a while (3-4 weeks).
The fruits tolerate transportation well, therefore the variety is widely used by large industrial enterprises. They can be stored until spring without losing their taste. Pears are used both for processing into jams and preserves, and for making desserts, pastries, juices and compotes, and also consumed raw.
Description of the plant
The tree is small in size, the crown is pyramidal and grows up to 3 meters in height. The plant grows rather quickly, and after the beginning of fruiting, its growth slows down noticeably.
The crown is very thick and wide enough. Branches and young shoots are thick, have a greenish-burgundy color. The surface of the leaves is elongated, deep green in color, on the back side it is greenish-white.
The variety surprises with its early and very beautiful flowering. The inflorescences are white.
Description of fruits
Fruits, depending on growing conditions, can reach different sizes. On average, their weight ranges between 150-300 grams. They have an elongated, rather asymmetrical shape.
The surface has irregularities in the form of grooves. The peel is yellow-green in color, which becomes more amber when fully ripe. There is a slight burgundy blush and light gray-brown subcutaneous dots are clearly visible.
The pulp is oily, white and very juicy. The taste of the fruit is sweet and sour. The November pear has a well-defined aroma.
Fruits are yellow-green in color with a blush, have an elongated, rather asymmetrical shape
Diseases and pests
The pear variety Nadyadnaya Efimova has an innate immunity to such common diseases as moniliosis and clotterosporia, however, prevention against certain diseases must be carried out annually. Dangerous diseases include:
- Scab. It affects the skin of the foliage with light green spots. The disease is prevented with a 3% solution of Bordeaux liquid. During the flowering period, trees are treated with Horus in a proportion of 2 g per 10 liters of water.
- Rust. This is a disease that affects the crown. Symptoms of the disease are red spots, leading to the death of foliage. The disease is vulnerable to the drug "Skor". In 5 l of water, 2 ml are diluted and the crown is treated.
- Fruit rot. This is a disease caused by a fungus. It affects fruits. Prevention includes treatment of the kidneys with Dnok solution. Dilute 100 g of the drug in 10 liters of liquid.
Harmful insects cause more damage to crops than diseases. The most common pests are aphids and honeydew. These insects damage fruits and foliage by feeding on their sap.